New IE Articles — March 2023

Journal of World Business – Volume 58, Issue 2, DOI:

Business model adaptation for realized international scaling of born-digitals

Irina Mihailova

This study examines the process and mechanisms of realized international scaling of born-digital firms through the business model lens. In an explorative multiple-case study of Finnish firms in cultural industries, it finds that born-digital firms adapt their business models through an iterative process to achieve practically scaled operations. The research unpacks the mechanisms guiding the process of business model adaptation and highlights the role of dynamic capabilities in their employment. The findings extend existing theorizing on scaling by offering a conceptualization of realized international digital scaling and the role of the business model in its implementation.

Journal of Business Research – Volume 157, DOI:

Business group affiliation and internationalization of new ventures: Moderating role of industry and liberalization

Saiyed, A. A., Eryarsoy, E., Mondal, A., & Dhandapani, K.

Internationalization of new ventures (INV) has been the interest of inquiry for more than three decades. Though many researchers have looked at different factors and their impact on the speed, scope, and intensity of internationalization in new ventures, this stream of research requires more attention in the context of emerging economies. The study examines the role of a firm’s business group affiliation and its impact on internationalization of new ventures in emerging economies. It also explains how industry concentration and liberalization of the economy change the relationship between business group affiliation and internationalization. Based on a dataset of new ventures from 67 industries founded in India during the period of 1996 to 2014, our results suggest that ventures with business group affiliation focus on the domestic market, and the focus changes from the domestic market to international when there is high industry concentration and with the liberalization of the economy.

International Business Review— Volume 32, Issue 1, DOI:

Revisiting the relationship between product and international diversification in new ventures: The moderating effect of effectuation processes

Ioanna Deligianni

This study examines the relationship between product and international diversification in new ventures, suggesting effectuation processes to be key moderators of this relationship. Effectuation processes allow young firms to attenuate constraints imposed by the liabilities of newness, the uncertainty and the lack of prior diversification experience these firms face and which may significantly restrict the number of growth opportunities they can jointly exploit in the short run. Specifically, the findings indicate that reliance on experimentation, maintenance of flexibility and securement of pre-commitments positively moderate the relationship between product and international diversification in new ventures. From all effectuation processes, only the adoption of the affordable loss principle lacks a significant effect on the link between the two growth strategies. Theoretical and empirical implications are further discussed.