International Business Review – 30(2). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibusrev.2021.101800

International entrepreneurship and the internationalization phenomenon: Taking stock, looking ahead

Antonella Zucchella

This contribution discusses the state of the art of research in International Entrepreneurship. In taking stock of three decades of scientific inquiry in the field, this article also looks ahead, pointing at some future research directions. The latter particularly focus on two aspects: the levels of analysis, individual, organizational and inter-organizational, and the founding constructs of the field, distance and opportunities.

Global Strategy Journal – DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/gsj.1398

Incidence of cultural, economic, and environmental factors in the emergence of born?global companies in Latin America

Carlos?Javier Prieto?Sánchez, Fernando Merino

This paper examines the effect of key cultural and economic factors on the emergence of born?global (BG) companies. Such factors include the intentions and the growth aspirations of the entrepreneur, as well as the country’s characteristics in terms of its income per capita and the complexity of its economic system. The analysis also highlights how the environment affects the importance of the aspirations to be BG. Our work expands the literature on BGs in Latin America by analyzing macroeconomic aspects and specific features of the entrepreneur and the environment as possible determinants of BG character. The results reveal that the entrepreneur’s intentions and aspirations, along with environmental factors and the economic growth in Latin America, contribute to a firm’s probability of becoming a BG company.

Entrepreneurship & Regional Development – DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/08985626.2021.1872934

Analyzing the macro-level determinants of user entrepreneurship. The moderating role of the national culture.

David Kalisz, Francesco Schiavone, Giorgia Rivieccio, Céline Viala & Junsong Chen 

Scholars have extensively analysed country-based determinants of entrepreneurship over the last few decades. One of these is national culture. To date such a body of knowledge was underestimated in one of the rising streams of literature observed over the last decade: user entrepreneurship. To fill this research gap, the research questions of the present paper are: What is the impact of country-level factors on user entrepreneurship? What is the role of culture in such a relationship? The study analyzes new business units’ activities created by user innovators in the healthcare industry, exploring the effects of the four dimensions of the entrepreneurship model by Thai and Turkina. The adopted methodology uses statistical methods based on principal component analysis (PCA), cluster analysis, and polynomial regression models. Findings indicate a clustering behaviour among countries with similar user entrepreneurial activities. Such behaviour highlights the macro-level determinants of health user entrepreneurship, defining a curvilinear relationship among these. In particular, an inverted U-shaped curve emerges when user entrepreneurship is combined with a country’s health culture. We detect a moderation effect of national culture on such a nonlinear relationship at the cross-country level.

International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal – DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11365-020-00738-y

Entrepreneurial, market, learning and networking orientations as determinants of business capability and international performance: The contingent role of government support.

Mohammad Falahat, Yan-Yin Lee, Pedro Soto-Acosta & T. Ramayah 

This study presents a business capability model that connects strategic orientations, business capability, government support, and international performance in emerging markets. More specifically, it focuses on the impact of entrepreneurial orientation, market orientation, learning orientation, and networking orientation as determinants of business capability and its effect on international performance. In addition, government support is tested as a moderator between business capability and international performance. The study draws on a quota sampling and analysis of 251 small and medium enterprises (SMEs) across all industries in Malaysia. The proposed research model and its associated hypotheses were tested by using Partial Least Squares (PLS) structural equation modelling (SEM). Findings suggest that multiple strategic orientations facilitate the development of business capability and that it contributes to the speed and scope of internationalisation as well as financial and strategic performance of SMEs. Moreover, government support programmes are found to significantly enhance the intensity of internationalisation. The main conclusions of this investigation can be valuable to SMEs that intend to explore or exploit opportunities in foreign markets.