International Business Review – Volume 29 (4). Special Issue

 Looking Back to Look Forward: Setting Future Research Agenda for International Business Studies, guest edited by Justin Paul and Alex Rialp-Criado

The special issue includes several articles relevant to IE-scholars including review articles on performance of early internationalizing firms (Jiang et al), the art of writing a literature review (Paul & Rialp-Criado) and others. The table of contents of the special issue can be found here.

Journal of World Business – Volume 55 (6), DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwb.2020.101110

A capabilities perspective on the joint effects of internationalization time, speed, geographic scope and managers’ competencies on SME survival

Joan Freixanet, Gemma Renart

This study examines the effect of key internationalization contingencies on SME survival. We argue early internationalization increases the probability of firm failure, while international experience reduces it. However, the survival odds among international new ventures may be improved by their post-entry international expansion scope and speed, and by managers’ competencies. These internationalization facets provide firms with opportunities to develop and exploit their resources and capabilities, and thus enhance their survival chances. Drawing on a sample of 271 manufacturers followed between 2005 and 2014, we find results that provide support to most of our arguments, and hold theoretical and managerial relevance.

Journal of World Business–Volume 55 (6), DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwb.2020.101114

What explains the degree of internationalization of early-stage entrepreneurial firms? A multilevel study on the joint effects of entrepreneurial self-efficacy, opportunity-motivated entrepreneurship, and home-country institutions

Miles M. Yang, Tianchen Li, Yue Wang

Integrating recent theories of entrepreneurship with new institutional economics, we develop a multilevel model to deepen our knowledge of how micro-level entrepreneurs’ personality and motivational antecedents interact with macro-level home-country institutions in determining internationalization by early-stage entrepreneurial firms. Data were collected from Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Adult Population Survey, GEM National Expert Survey, and the World Economic Outlook Database for the year of 2014. The results show that the personality trait of entrepreneurial self-efficacy contributes positively to the degree of internationalization via mobilizing opportunity-motivated entrepreneurship and that home-country formal institutions strengthen the above relationship of such young entrepreneurial firms.

Entrepreneurship Theory & Practice—DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1042258720913022

The Changing Role of Social Capital During the Venture Creation Process: A Multilevel Study

Johannes Kleinhempel, Sjoerd Beugelsdijk, Mariko J. Klasing

We assess how social capital relates to individuals’ initial interest in becoming an entrepreneur, formally setting up a venture, and subsequent survival of the venture. Conceptualizing and measuring entrepreneurship as a sequential process inferred from cross-sectional data for 22,878 individuals living in 110 regions across 22 European countries, we find that regional social capital is relevant for formally setting up a venture, but it is not associated with initial interest, nor with venture survival after establishment. By assuming variability and not uniformity in how social capital relates to entrepreneurship, we gain a better understanding of the contextual determinants of the venture creation process.

International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation—DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1465750320922320

Does international entrepreneurial orientation foster innovation performance? The mediating role of social media and open innovation

Joan Freixanet, Jessica Braojos, Alex Rialp-Criado, Joseph Rialp-Criado

This study investigates the relationship between international entrepreneurial orientation (IEO) and innovation performance. It analyzes IEO as a key antecedent of innovation performance by considering the underlying effects of open innovation and social media usage. We test the hypothesized relationships by performing partial least squares analysis for data collected from a survey sample of 128 small and medium-sized enterprises. The results indicate that open innovation mediates the relationship between IEO and innovation performance, while social media usage mediates the relationship between IEO and open innovation. This study contributes to literature on entrepreneurship and innovation by providing new evidence regarding the benefits of IEO in terms of innovation effectiveness and the underlying mechanisms in this relationship. It also contributes to the emerging literature on the antecedents of open innovation and social media usage, as well as their effects on innovation performance. The results additionally have relevant management implications.